Indian women are born into a socio-cultural fabric steeped in inequality and discrimination. Women are forced to accept their suppression of freedom and lowering of human dignity as a fait accompli. Bridging the gap between an ideology of equality and a reality in which women are discriminated is the need of hour. Rethinking Gender Equality provides a critical analysis of existing gender inequality in Indian society. The book is a humble endeavour to decipher the specific challenges encountered by women in modern Indian society and how do they negotiate traditional norms as they seek to redefine their self-identity and well-being in modern era. The cornerstone of writing this book is to help readers develop their critical thinking about the pertinent issue which affects everyone’s life. This book is divided into six chapters i.e. Unwanted Daughters; Plight of Female Literacy, Reproductive Health; Child Sexual Abuse; Domestic Violence and Human Rights of Women which are based on the latest reliable data to show the ground reality. Rethinking Gender Equality is a veritable treasure trove of data on critical issues related to women. The book is strongly recommended for the students and research scholars of Gender Studies, Sociology, Social Work, Law and other related fields, media personnel, women’s rights activists and policy makers.