Forests are the plant communities and are distributed on the basis of climate, physiography, floristics and the dominants. Natural vegetation in India is predominantly one or the other type of forests. Ecological conditions favoring forest growth are availability of moisture, soil and favorable temperature and diminished biotic interferences. The present book “Forest Ecology in India” has covered both syn-ecological and aut-ecological studies in both natural and plantation forests. Among syn-ecological aspects, the community development, quantitative and qualitative study including floristic compositions, distribution pattern, canopy development, frequency, density, dominance, index of dominance, index of similarity, index of diversity, etc were covered. The aut-ecology has covered ecological factors which influence the life history of the plant from seeding to maturity of plants, natural and artificial regeneration, eco-regional distribution, morphological and physiological development of plant, silvics and silvicultural issues, and other aspects. The publication would certainly be significant for evolving right directions and new dimensions for maintenance for homeostasis in the ecosystem and conservation of the biodiversity. Besides, this book would be of vital use for Foresters, Scientific communities, Environmentalists, Academicians, Industrialists, Policy makers’ NGO’s and other Stakeholders engaged in community development through conservation of biodiversity in natural and plantation forests.